Computer Science ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (7): 84-91.doi: 10.11896/jsjkx.190900006

• Computer Graphics & Multimedia • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Survey of Visual Image Saliency Detection

YUAN Ye1,2,3, HE Xiao-ge1, ZHU Ding-kun4, WANG Fu-lee4, XIE Hao-ran5, WANG Jun1, WEI Ming-qiang1,2,3, GUO Yan-wen3   

  1. 1 College of Computer Science and Technology/College of Artificial Intelligence,Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,Nanjing 210006,China
    2 MIIT Key Laboratory of Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence,Nanjing 210016,China
    3 State Key Laboratory for Novel Software Technology,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210023,China
    4 The Open University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong 999077,China
    5 The Education University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong 999077,China
  • Received:2019-09-02 Online:2020-07-15 Published:2020-07-16
  • About author:YUAN Ye,born in 1998,postgraduate.His main research interests include computer vision and so on.
    WEI Ming-qiang,born in 1985,Ph.D,associate professor.His main research interest is computer graphics with an emphasis on smart geometry proces-sing.
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61502137),Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (NJ2019010),Grant from State Key Laboratory for Novel Software Technology at Nanjing University (KFKT2018B20),Seed Fund for Early Career Scheme of the Dean’s Research Fund 2018-19 (SFG-10) of the Education University of Hong Kong and Interdisciplinary Research Scheme of the Dean’s Research Fund 2018-19 (FLASS/DRF/IDS-3) of the Education University of Hong Kong

Abstract: In today’s society where image data are exploding,how to use computer to efficiently acquire and process image information has become an important research topic.Under the inspiration of human visual attention mechanism,researchers have found that when this mechanism is introduced into machine image processing tasks,the efficiency of information extraction can be greatly improved,thus saving more limited computing resources.Visual image saliency detection is to use computers to simulate the human visual attention mechanism to calculate the importance of the information of each part in the image,which has been widely used in image segmentation,video compression,target detection,image indexing and other aspects,and has important research values.This paper summarizes and introduces the research situation of image saliency detection algorithms.Firstly,it takes information-driven sources as starting point to summarize the saliency detection model,and then analyzes several typical saliency detection algorithms.The models are divided into 3 categories according to whether they are based on learning models,which are based on non-learning models,based on traditional machine learning models and based on deep learning models.For the first category,the paper compares in more details the saliency detection algorithms based on local contrast and global contrast,and points out their respective advantages and disadvantages.For the latter two categories,this paper analyzes the application of machine learning algorithms and deep learning in saliency detection.Finally,this paper summarizes and compares the existing saliency detection algorithms and prospects the future development direction of the research in this aspect.

Key words: Salientregion detection, Visual saliency detection, Deep learning, Machine learning, Visual attention mechanism

CLC Number: 

  • TP391
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