Computer Science ›› 2020, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (7): 268-277.doi: 10.11896/jsjkx.200200027

• Information Security • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Multi-subblock Incentive Consensus Mechanism Based on Topology and Distribution Mechanism

LIU Shuai1,2, GAN Guo-hua3, LIU Ming-xi4, FANG Yong1,2, WANG Shou-yang1,2   

  1. 1 Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China
    2 School of Economics and Management,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China
    3 School of Computer & Communication Engineering,University of Science and Technology Beijing,Beijing 100083,China
    4 Institutes of Science and Development,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China
  • Received:2020-02-03 Online:2020-07-15 Published:2020-07-16
  • About author:LIU Shuai,born in 1993,postgraduate.Her main research interests include blockchain and financial engineering and risk management.
    FANG Yong,born in 1974,Ph.D,research associate,Ph.D supervisor.His main research interests include financial engineering and risk management and operations management.
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71631008) and Big Data and Blockchain Lab Project

Abstract: First of all,this paper proposes an modified consensus mechanism based on the classic PoW (Proof of Work) consensus mechanism by changing the condition of take the miners’ blocks into blockchain and income distribution strategy.To be specific,on the one hand,according to the rule of this modified consensus mechanism,the first generated sub-chain made up of N sub-blocks will be integrated into the main chain,which is different from PoW,the modified consensus mechanism replaces the simple single chain structure of PoW with a more complex network structure;on the other hand,the modified consensus mechanism improves on the revenue distribution strategy of the traditional consensus mechanism,its distribution strategy is divided into three steps in order to improve the expected earnings of miners with low computational power,so as to encourage those miners with low computational power to actively participate in mining and supervise the safety of blockchain.In addition,the network structure introduced by the modified consensus mechanism enables miners to have more strategies of mining.This paper also discusses the influence of selecting different mining strategies,splitting calculation power of malicious miners and collusion on the safety and efficiency of the block chain.Finally,a variety of market scenarios are set up to simulate the improved algorithm so as to analyze the mining benefits of various miners under different market characteristics,which are hoping to guide miners.

Key words: Blockchain, Consensus, Inspire miner, Mining strategy

CLC Number: 

  • TP301.6
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