Computer Science ›› 2015, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 124-131.doi: 10.11896/j.issn.1002-137X.2015.05.025

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Medium Access Control Protocol of Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Gradient Information

YANG Bing, ZHANG Ke-ke, LI Guo-hui and HE Wei-kang   

  • Online:2018-11-14 Published:2018-11-14

Abstract: In wireless sensor networks(WSN),medium access control (MAC) protocols determine the usage mode of wireless channel and allocate shared radio resource among sensor nodes.In this paper,we introduced a new channel competition mechanism to allocate the channel resources for the nodes.The protocol utilizes the signal strength collected by nodes to partition gradients.Based on that,we assigned the nodes in the event region to different time period to contend for the channel.The simulation result proves this method has lightened the burden of channel.And we proposed a self-adaptive gradients partition algorithm which makes the gradients partition more flexible and can adapt to the changes of the network topology very well.At the same time,a gradient jumping mechanism to reduce latency caused by gradients partition was designed.At last,this protocol also gives a strategy to control the distortion of reconstruction caused by spatial correlation of nodes.

Key words: Wireless sensor networks,Spatial correlation,MAC,Gradient partition

[1] Farshad A,Vikram S,Chua Kee-Chaing.Topology control for delay sensitive applications in wireless sensor networks[J].Mobile Networks and Applications,2007,12(5/6):406-421
[2] Zhang Tao,Chen Li-jun,Chen Dao-xu.Energy Efficient MACLayer Broadcast Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks[J].Computer Science,2013,0(1):29-32,2
[3] Liu Yun-lu,Pu Ju-hua,Fang Wei-wei,et al.A MAC Layer Optimization Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks[J].Chinese Journal of Computers,2012,35(3):529-539
[4] Pan Jian-ping,Hou Y T,Cai Lin,et al.Topology control forwireless sensor networks[C]∥Proceedings of the 9th annual international conference on Mobile computing and networking.San Diego:ACM,2003:286-299
[5] Kakria A,Aseri T C.Survey of synchronous MAC ptotocols for wireless sensor networks[C]∥Proceedings of 2014 Recent Advances in Engineering and Computational Sciences.Chandigarh,2014:1-4
[6] Li Xiang-yang,Song Wen-zhan,Wang Yu.Localized topologycontrol for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks[J].ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN),2006,2(1):129-153
[7] Jamieson K,Balakrishnan H,Tay Y C.Sift:A MAC protocol for event-driven wireless sensor networks[C]∥Proceedings of Wireless Sensor Networks-Third European Workshop(EWSN 2006).Zurich,2003,3868:260-275
[8] Wang Lei.The Research of MAC Protocol Based on WirelessSensor Networks[D].Shan Dong University,2006
[9] Huang Tao,Shu Jian,Chen Yu-bin,et al.Research on MACProtocol for Even-driven Wireless Sensor Networks[J].Transducer and Microsystem Technologies,2008,27(8):12-15
[10] Liu Xiao-jie.The Research of MAC Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks[D].Shang Hai Jiao Tong University,2008
[11] Polastre J,Hill J,Culler D.Versatile low power media access for wireless sensor networks[C]∥Proc.of the 2nd ACM conf.on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (SenSys).Baltimore,2004:95-107
[12] Jian Qiang,Gong Zheng-hu,Zhu Pei-dong,et al.Overview ofMAC Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks[J].Journal of Software,2008,19(2):389-403
[13] Bao L,Garcia-Luna-Aceves J J.A new approach to channel access scheluling for ad hoc networks[C]∥7th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking.Rome Italy,2001:210-220
[14] Tang Liang,Tan Min-sheng.Study and Analyze of WirelessSensor Networks MAC Protocols[J].Computer and Information Technology,2007,15(6):31-33
[15] Rhee In,Warrier A,Aia M,et al.Z-MAC:A hybrid MAC for wireless sensor networks[C]∥Proc.of the 3rd ACM Conf.on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (Sensys 2005).San Diego,2005:90-101
[16] Ahn G S,Miluzzo E.Funneling-MAC:A localized,sink-oriented MAC for boosting fidelity in sensor networks[C]∥Proc.of the 4th ACM Conf.on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (Sensys 2006).Boulder,2006:293-306
[17] Zheng Guo-qiang,Li Jian-dong,Zhou Zhi-li.Overview of MAC Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks[J].A cta Automatica Sinica,2008,34(3):305-316
[18] Kulkarni S,Iyer A,Rosenberg C.An address-light,integratedMAC and routing protocol for wireless sensor networks[J].IEEE/ACM Trans.on Networking,2006,14(4):793-806
[19] Rossi M,Zorzi M.Probabilistic algorithms for cost-based inte-grated MAC and routing in wireless sensor networks[C]∥Proc.of the 3rd Int’l Modeling and Performance Analysis of Wireless Sensor Networks (Senmetrics 2005).San Diego,2005:86-96
[20] Sun Li-ming,Li Jian-zhong,Chen Yu.Wireless Sensor Networks[M].Beijing:Tsinghua University Press,2005:70-72
[21] Dong M,Tong L,Sadler B M.Impact of Data Retrieval Pattern on Homogeneous Signal Field Reconstruction in Dense Sensor Networks[J].IEEE Trans.on Signal Processing,2006,54(11):4352-4364
[22] Zhao Ming,Chen Zhi-gang,Zhang Lian-ming.Hybrid SpatialCorrelation-based Medium Access Control for Dense Event-driven Sensor Networks[J].Journal of System Simulation,2007,19(8):1863-1868
[23] Vuran Mehmet C,Akyildiz Ian F.Spatial Correlation-Based Collaborative Medium Access Control in Wireless Sensor Networks[J].IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking,2006,14(2):316-329
[24] Wang Hui.Principle and Application of NS2 Network Simulator[M].Xi’an:Northwestern Polytechnical University Press,2008

No related articles found!
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!