Computer Science ›› 2019, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (11): 1-10.doi: 10.11896/jsjkx.190300013

• Surveys •     Next Articles

Survey on Smart Contract Based on Blockchain System

FAN Ji-li, LI Xiao-hua, NIE Tie-zheng, YU Ge   

  1. (School of Computer Science and Engineering,Northeastern University,Shenyang 110169,China)
  • Received:2019-03-07 Online:2019-11-15 Published:2019-11-14

Abstract: Blockchain is a decentralized global distributed database leger.Smart contract is a piece of event-driven program with states that runs over blockchain systems,which can take custody over digital assets.Smart contracts running on a common platform can also implement parts of the functions of traditional applications.Development of the blockchain provides an appropriate platform for smart contract,and smart contract plays an important role on blockchain systems.With the rapid development of blockchain platforms such as Bitcoin and Ethereum,smart contracts have a good development opportunity.However,applications of smart contract are still in the early stage of development,and there are relatively few related studies.The application scenarios of smart contracts are not enough in practical application.This paper studied programming languages and implementation technologies of smart contract,discussed and explored the development status as well as challenges and future prospects.It described the characteristics of different development languages and took a comparison among them.Then,it classified blockchain systems based on the running environment of smart contract,and studied the development,deployment and running mechanism of smart contracts in various blockchain systems.Also,this paper explored the application scope of various smart contract platforms,and took a comprehensive comparison of different blockchain systems on smart contract development,community support and corresponding ecosystems.It introduced the status and challenges of smart contract research,and conducted analysis on security,scalability,and maintainability.Finally,it analyzed the development trend of blockchain and smart contract technology,and discussed the application scenarios in the future.

Key words: Blockchain, Smart contract, Decentralization, Ethereum virtual machine

CLC Number: 

  • TP311
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