计算机科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (8): 1-6.

• 目次 •    下一篇

人体外骨骼服技术综述

张向刚,秦开宇,石宇亮   

  1. 电子科技大学 成都611731,电子科技大学 成都611731,电子科技大学 成都611731
  • 出版日期:2018-11-14 发布日期:2018-11-14
  • 基金资助:
    本文受中央高校基本科研业务费:康复训练下肢外骨骼机器人关键技术的研究资助

Review of Human Exoskeleton Suit Technology

ZHANG Xiang-gang, QIN Kai-yu and SHI Yu-liang   

  • Online:2018-11-14 Published:2018-11-14

摘要: 人体外骨骼系统是一种穿戴在操作者身体外部的,融入了先进控制、信息、机械等技术的人机电系统,最终实现了力量的增强和感官的延伸。其研究将大大促进机器人技术、认知科学、医学等学科的发展,在抢险救灾、家庭护理等诸多方面具有广阔的应用前景,因此具有重要的科学理论意义和应用价值。首先介绍了人体外骨骼系统在国内外的发展和研究现状,然后简介了其基本功能结构和工作原理,接着阐述了实现外骨骼系统所涉及的主要关键技术,包括:仿生机械结构、人机接口、随动控制、驱动机构和能源系统技术等,并介绍了一些相关的新兴研究方向。

Abstract: The human exoskeleton suit is an automatic electro-mechanical system,which is worn on the wearer’s body to augment human strength and endurance,and extend human’s capabilities.Human exoskeleton suit is a complex integrated combination of mechanics,computer technology,control technology,micro-drive technology,materials technology and other disciplines.It can be widely used in the healthcare,medical care,rehabilitation of stroke patients,outdoor sports,emergency situations,disaster relief,and so on.Many significant scientific achievements and applications can be derived from the researches on it.This paper provided a review of the history and the latest developments of human exoskeletons suit.Then the overview of the architecture and working principle were introduced,and this paper ended with a discussion of technological challenges and future research directions which are critical to the field of exoskeletons.

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