Computer Science ›› 2018, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (11): 60-65.doi: 10.11896/j.issn.1002-137X.2018.11.007

• Network & Communication • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Virtual Grid Based Clustering and Routing Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks

CHEN Zhan-sheng1,2, SHEN Hong3,4   

  1. (School of Computer and Information Technology,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China)1
    (School of Applied Science and Technology,Beijing Union University,Beijing 100101,China)2
    (School of Data and Computer Science,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)3
    (School of Computer Science,The University of Adelaide,Adelaide 5005,Australia)4
  • Received:2017-10-08 Published:2019-02-25

Abstract: In order to solve the energy hole problem caused by the unevenness of the link communication load in WSNs routing protocol,a dynamic clustering algorithm based on virtual grid (IDCS) and a dynamic load balancing routing algorithm (DCDLB) for maximizing network life cycle considering data forwarding delay were presented.In IDCS algorithm,the area is divided into several virtual grids according to node communication radius,and the nodes in the same grid form a cluster.The cluster head is chosen by distributed cluster head selection strategy considering node’s energy and location factors,and a dynamic cluster head rotation mechanism based on cluster head’s energy level is introduced for balancing consumption.In DCDLB routing algorithm,the network lifetime is maximized by considering energy consumption balance among cluster heads and multihop data forwarding delay.The simulation results show that DCDLB routing algorithm is superior to LEACH,HEED and CRVB routing algorithms in terms of extending network lifetime and decreasing data forwarding delay.

Key words: Life cycle, Virtual grid, Clusterhead election, Routing algorithm, Delay

CLC Number: 

  • TP393
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